PERSIAN WORLD CO.,LTD. companySitemape-mailJapanese
Home > Knowledge of Carpet > Small Tips
Design | Creation Process | Size, Shape and Name of each part | Small Tips


 The world's oldest carpet was found in permafrost layer!
 Why are roses commonly drawn on Persian carpets?
 Persian Carpet and Japan
The world's oldest carpet was found in permafrost layer!
A Pazyryk carpet
  A Pazyryk carpet
In 1947, Dr. Roudenko, a Russian archaeologist, discovered a frozen carpet in the permafrost layer at the ancient tomb of Pazyryk in Rupes Altai, South Siberia. The carpet escaped corroding under the ice, and was discovered in its original condition.

The carpet, known as the ""Pazyryk carpet"", was estimated to be manufactured in the Middle Asia around 500B.C. However, the manufacturer, whether it was the Scythian who was controlling Persia at the time, still remains unknown. It was the era of the Achaemenid Empire when Persia, as the biggest empire in the history, united the Orient. The Persepolis ruin symbolizes the sovereignty power of the empire and holds many sculptures. There is now a theory that the Pazyryk carpet was made in Persia because some of the goods buried with the Pazyryk carpet had similar design of sculptures found in Persepolis.

The important point, however, is not whether the carpet was made in Persia, Russia, or Turkey. It is the fact that the carpet was manufactured 2500 years ago in the same way that the Persian carpet is manufactured in present time.

A Pazyryk carpet usually has two borders. The outer border includes armed solders on horses, or the cavalry, and the inner border includes reindeers. The design of the field is similar to the panel pattern. The size is 200cmx183cm and the weaving is the same Turkish knot as present Tabriz.

Currently the carpet is being kept at the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Why are roses commonly drawn on Persian carpets?
the carpet of the rose(the Rahmani atelier)
the carpet of the rose(the Rahmani atelier)
With recent trend of English or Old Rose in Japan, people often tend to imagine that the cradle of rose cultivation started in France or England. However, ancient literature shows that roses were first grown in Persia (present Iran).

The Eram Garden (Eram means ""paradise"" in Persian) located in the rose capital of Iran, Shiraz, is filled with full bloomed roses and other flowers. The people of Shiraz also love to plant roses in their gardens. In the spring season, the whole city enjoys the pleasant scent of roses.

The Eram Garden
The Eram Garden
The Iranian people have also traditionally lived with roses, using rose water. Even in this modern time, they still gather rose water by steam-distilling the petal of the rose. The rose water is often used as a flavor when making sweets. People also put rose water on their wrist or neck after attending a funeral to ease their sorrow because rose has a relaxation effect as well.

Rose and carpet have always been closely related to the Iranian people's lives. Then, it is only natural that people weaved roses as a motif of the carpets. Rose is also designated as Iran's national flower.
Persian Carpet and Japan
Kyoto's Gion Festival
Kyoto's Gion Festival
Kyoto's Gion Festival, one of the three major festivals in Japan, attracts many people every year. There, you can see the famous Yamaboko, also known as ""the moving museum"", decorated with gorgeous art products.

The enormous Yamaboko is over twenty meters high, and it contains hand-woven carpets made in Persia and India during sixteenth to eighteenth centuries. Some of the products are designated as cultural assets of national importance as well. You can feel the passion of wealthy people of old Kyoto from the way the Yamaboko is decorated with unique carpets and other products of the foreign world.

During the time of the Tokyo Olympics in 1964, Japan started importing carpets, but mainly the machine-woven carpets from Europe. From 1975, however, the weakening of the dollar against the yen enabled the expensive hand-woven carpets from the Middle Eastern countries such as Persia, Pakistan, and Turkey to spread among the ordinary people.